Fighting Anti-Semitism, Protecting Free Expression May 28, 2015
LDB Presents at NCORE
LDB staff will present a special session on fighting anti-Semitism and protecting free expression at the 2015 Annual National Conference for Race & Ethnicity in American Higher Education (NCORE®) at the Washington Hilton Hotel. The presentation will take place on May 28 at 1:30 p.m.
This session will examine the kinds of hate and bias that are frequently reported by Jewish and Israeli college and university students. Special attention will be given to allegations that implicate issues of freedom of speech and academic freedom. In this session, presenters will describe the variety and extent of recent allegations, examine contemporary efforts to define what is anti-Semitism and how it differs from legitimate criticism of the State of Israel, explain the applicable legal rules, discuss recent federal policy changes, present best practices nationwide, and apply these rules to various case studies and hypotheticals. This session should benefit participants responsible for addressing difficult issues involving discrimination, hate, bias, and harassment.
LDB Staff Attorney to Speak at Beth Tfiloh April 28, 2015
On Tuesday evening, April 28th, Vogelstein will speak at a special program designed for parents of Beth Tfiloh alumni, many of whom currently have children in college. Many of their children have experienced anti-Semitism on campus. As the LDB-Trinity Anti-Semitism report demonstrated, over 50% of Jewish American college students have experienced anti-Semitism. What should be done? What can we do?
The BDS Movement: A Symposium April 27, 2015
Harvard Law School Professor Alan Dershowitz will deliver the keynote address and LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will provide concluding remarks at this University of Baltimore law school conference. The conference will begin at 10:00 a.m. on April 27, 2015. Location: University of Baltimore, John and Frances Angelos Law Center, 1401 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD. Co-sponsored by the American Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists and Scholars for Peace in the Middle East. RSVP required.
On Friday, April 24th, LDB attorney Aviva Vogelstein will visit her former high school, Beth Tfiloh Dahan Community School, and speak at a special assembly for Yom Ha’Zikaron (Remembrance Day) and Yom Ha’atzmaut (Israeli Independence Day). Vogelstein will speak to students about the resurgence of anti-Semitism on American College Campuses, what the students should expect when they get to college, and how LDB can help.
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus at Cardozo April 22, 2015
On Wednesday, April 22, LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will speak to the LDB chapter at Cardozo law about civil rights and anti-Semitism in America. Cardozo students have been very engaged in pro bono research projects for LDB this semester, and are looking forward to hearing from the LDB President.
WWII Symposium at Brooklyn Law April 22, 2015
Brooklyn Law School
The Brooklyn Law School’s LDB Chapter will co-sponsor a World War II Symposium, with a series of speakers relating to WWII, the Holocaust, and anti-Semitism.
Supreme Court Litigator Alyza Lewin at Kent Law April 15, 2015
The newest LDB chapter at Chicago-Kent College of Law will host Alyza Lewin on Wednesday, April 15. Ms. Lewin will be introduced by Constitutional Law professor Mark Rosen, and will speak about her Supreme Court advocacy.
"Break the Hate: The New Anti-Semitism on College Campuses” April 12, 2015
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will keynote the JCC of Greater New Haven’s program on anti-Semitism on college campuses. The event will take place at the JCC in Woodbridge on Sunday, April 12, 2015, from
Israel and Anti-Semitism: Past, Present, and Future April 9, 2015
Cornell Law School
On Thursday, April 9th, Cornell Law School's LDB Chapter will host a roundtable discussion, led by Cornell Law Professor William Jacobson, regarding the relationship between anti-Semitism and the history of conflicts in the Middle East.
“In the Aftermath of Charlie” - Cornell Law March 25, 2015
On Wednesday, March 25, the LDB Chapter at Cornell Law will co-sponsor a panel discussion panel presented by the Cornell French Society, "In the Aftermath of Charlie." The conversation will focus on European Security and the Politics of Religious Identity.
Alyza Lewin in the Twin Cities March 23, 2015
University of St. Thomas School of Law
On Monday, March 23, Supreme Court litigator and partner at Lewin & Lewin, Alyza Lewin, will deliver a joint presentation to LDB law students at the University of St. Thomas School of Law in Minneapolis, MN, and William Mitchell College of Law in nearby St.Paul, MN. Lewin will discuss her Supreme Court advocacy, and how she's used her legal skills to fight against the discrimination of Jewish students.
The StandWithUs Anti-BDS Conference: Combating the Boycott Movement Against Israel March 21-23, 2015
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will address the StandWithUs Anti-BDS Conference at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles. Other speakers will include Alan Dershowitz, Edwin Black, Samuel Edelman, Tammi Rossman-Benjamin, Gerald Steinberg and Roz Rothstein. The conference will address BDS in academia, economics, cultural arts, lawfare, and politics.
Kenneth L. Marcus to visit UVA March 18 - 19, 2015
UVA School of Law
LDB President & General Counsel Kenneth L. Marcus will visit the University of Virginia School of Law for a series of special events.
Our Soldiers Speak: Legal Complexities in Contemporary Asymmetrical Conflicts March 17, 2015
Cornell University Law School
On Tuesday, March 17, Cornell’s LDB Chapter will host an exclusive presentation on the legal complexities in contemporary asymmetrical conflicts, presented by Major Nadav of the Israel Defense Forces and legal advisor to Judea and Samaria, MAG Corps. The event will be moderated by Professor William Jacobson, and will be co-sponsored by Our Soldiers Speak, the Jewish Law Students Association, Christian Legal Society, Clarke Initiative for Law and Development in the Middle East, and GPSAFC.
The European Union Definition of Anti-Semitism March 6, 2015
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will present new research for a panel on “The European Union’s Response to Anti-Semitism” at the biennial conference of the European Union Studies Association at the Hyatt Regency Boston. He will join a panel of distinguished European Union experts at 8:30 a.m. on Friday, March 6, 2015. During a time of surging global anti-Semitism, Marcus will discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the European response, as well as lessons for the United States and for the future of the campaign against global and campus anti-Semitism.
Cornell University launches LDB Chapter February 26, 2015
Thursday, – Cornell University School of Law, Ithaca, NY
LDB Staff Attorney Aviva Vogelstein will speak at the launch of Cornell’s new LDB law student chapter – the sixth Brandeis Center chapter launch during the month of February alone!
Prof. Avi Bell to speak to LDB Chapter at UCLA February 25, 2015
UCLA School of Law, Los Angeles, CA
On Wednesday, February 25th, University of San Diego and Bar Ilan University Professor Avi Bell, will address LDB students at UCLA. Professor Bell is a well-recognized expert in the field of international law. Bell clerked for Justice Mishael Cheshin of the Supreme Court of Israel and for the High Court of Justice Department within the Israeli State Attorney’s office.
Emory Law School, Lunch & Learn Chapter Launch February 23, 2015
Emory law students sought to start an LDB chapter after several swastikas were found defacing their campus last semester. On Monday, February 23, LDB attorney Aviva Vogelstein and LDB Civil Rights Legal Fellow and Emory college and law school grad Kenny Liebowitz will head down south for the launch of the LDB chapter at Emory Law School. Emory law students are excited to host educational programs on civil rights and anti-Semitism and learn how to combat anti-Semitism through legal means.
Harvard Law School: Lawyering for Civil and Human Rights February 23, 2015
Harvard Law School hosts LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus for a presentation on “Lawyering for Civil and Human Rights.” Sponsored by the Harvard Law School Jewish Law Students’ Association.
Break the Hate: Responding to Anti-Semitism on Campus February 22, 2015
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will keynote this summit for student leaders at the Boston University School of Management. The summit is presented by the Combined Jewish Philanthropies and the Israel Campus Roundtable.
CUNY Law School, Lunch & Learn Chapter Launch February 18, 2015
On Wednesday, February 18, CUNY Law School students will launch a new LDB chapter. CUNY will join LDB's Cardozo and Brooklyn Law chapters to create a trifecta of chapters in three New York City boroughs. CUNY LDB law students will address anti-Semitism and troubling anti-Israel attitudes in the higher education system, as well as engage in educational programming and pro bono research. LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus and LDB attorney Aviva Vogelstein will speak at the inaugural meeting of the CUNY Law LDB chapter.
Brooklyn Law School, Lunch & Learn Chapter Launch February 17, 2015
On Tuesday, February 17, Brooklyn Law School students will launch a new LDB chapter. LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus and LDB Staff Attorney Aviva Vogelstein will join the students at their inaugural event. Brooklyn Law LDB students are also co-sponsoring a Shabbat dinner on Friday, February 13.
Fighting for Civil Rights, Fighting Against Anti-Semitism – Chapter Launch February 10, 2015
On Tuesday, February 10th, LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will address students at Loyola University Chicago, to celebrate the launch of LDB's newest law student chapter! Marcus will speak on the topic of, "Fighting for Civil Rights, Fighting Against Anti-Semitism." The Loyola chapter marks the first LDB law student chapter in the Chicago area, and has been created in partnership with the Decalogue Society of Chicago.
Frances Raday to Present UN Seminar for LDB Law Students January 22, 2015
On Thursday, January 22, the day that the United Nations General Assembly has chosen to conduct an informal plenary on anti-semitic violence worldwide, United Nations human rights expert Frances Raday will present a seminar at the U.N. for Brandeis Center law student chapters on the topic of "Concurrent Challenges to Human Rights in the UN System,” with a focus on Israel.
Prof. Raday is the Chairperson-Rapporteur of the United Nations Human Rights Council's Working Group on Discrimination against Women in Law & Practice and a former member of the United Nations’ Committee for the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). She is also Chair of the Concord Research Institute for Integration of International Law in Israel at the College of Management and Elias Lieberman Chair in Labour Law at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Emerita); Honorary Professor at University College London; and Doctor Honoris at the University of Copenhagen. She was the founding chair of the Legal Centre of the Israel Women's Network and Chair of the Association for Freedom or Religion, Conscience and Science. She has written numerous academic books and articles on human rights, labour law and feminist legal theory. She has acted as legal counsel on precedent-setting human rights cases in Israel’s Supreme Court, including women’s constitutional rights to equality in religious rituals at public sites and sex discrimination in retirement age.
Participating law students may choose to attend both the Brandeis Center’s seminar and the UN General Assembly's informal plenary on global anti-semitism.
Anti-Semitism on Campus — What Can the Jewish Community Do? January 7, 2014
The Temple will present an interactive program featuring Kenneth L. Marcus, President, Louis D. Brandeis Center For Human Rights under Law. Award-winning author Ken Marcus is the founder of the Brandeis Center, an Organization dedicated to combating the resurgence of Anti-Semitism in American higher education. Join us as we explore what is happening on campuses all over the country and what we all can do as parents and members of the Jewish community. All are welcome.
Temple Shaaray Tefila
89 Baldwin Road
Bedford Corners, NY 10549
Brandeis Center Conducts Law Students’ Confab December 29-30, 2014
LDB will hold the second annual National Law Students Leadership Conference in Washington, D.C., on December 29-30. Law students will participate from schools across the United States. Most participants are leaders in LDB law school chapters or are in the process of forming new chapters at their law schools. Speakers will include leading legal scholars and practitioners.
Brandeis Center Addresses BDS, Anti-Semitism and the Law November 20, 2014
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will address “The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement: Anti-Semitism and the Law” at the Dan Eilat Red Sea Hotel on Thursday, November 20, 2014, during the annual meeting of the International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists in Eilat, Israel. The theme of the IAJLJ’s conference will be “International Human Rights and Israel: Politicization or a Complex Reality."
UVA Chapter Hosts IDF Lt. Gen. Eran Shamir-Borer November 17, 2014
The LDB chapter at the University of Virginia Law School will host a presentation by Lt. Col. Dr. Eran Shamir-Borer, Head of the Strategic Affairs Branch in the International Law Department of the Israeli Defense Force on Monday, November 17. Dr. Shamir-Borer will present a substantive analysis of the legal challenges facing democracies when prosecuting asymmetrical military campaigns against non-state actors. This tour has been generously facilitated by Our Soldiers Speak as part of their campus legal initiative (http://oursoldiersspeak.org).
Cardozo Chapter Launch November 10, 2014
LDB chapter launch at Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law in New York City. This marks the first official LDB Law Student Chapter in New York.
LDB 101 November 5, 2014
The University of Pennsylvania School of Law LDB Chapter will host “LDB 101” – an info session and discussion on the resurgence of anti-Semitism in Higher Education with LDB attorney Aviva Vogelstein.
Fighting the New Campus Anti-Semitism October 29, 2014
On October 29th, LDB's President Kenneth L. Marcus will be presenting to the LDB Student Chapter at Northeastern University School of Law. Marcus will address the topic of, “Fighting the New Campus Anti-Semitism," and will be joined by LDB attorney Aviva Vogelstein.
From Affirmative Action to the New Anti-Semitism: Civil Rights Challenges in Higher Education October 15, 2014
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will address timely civil rights issues in this public lecture at the University of South Carolina School of Law.
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will deliver a public lecture at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte’s Center for Professional and Applied Ethics on the question, “Have We Moved on From Civility? And If So, What is Next?" The event will take place on Tuesday, October 14, from 2-3:30 p.m. in Cone 208.
Brandeis Center Launches UVA Law School Chapter September 17, 2014
Brandeis Center Testifies Before Rights Panel July 25, 2014
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will testify on “Fighting Sexual Harassment in American Higher Education” before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights at a federal briefing on
"Enforcement of Sexual Harassment Policy at Educational Institutions by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) and the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice (DOJ).” The briefing will begin at 9:00 a.m. at 1331 Pennsylvania Ave, NW,
Suite 1150, Washington, DC 20425
Brandeis Center Co-Sponsors Capitol Hill Symposium July 9, 2014
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will participate in the July 9, 2014 symposium in Washington, D.C., “10 years and counting … Assessing 10 Years Since the Unjust Advisory Opinion by The International Court of Justice on the Construction of Israel’s Terrorism Prevention Security Fence.”
What is Anti-Semitic About the Movement to Boycott, Divest From, and Sanction Israel? at Tel Aviv University May 14, 2014
Kenneth L. Marcus address “What is Anti-Semitic About the Movement to Boycott, Divest From, and Sanction Israel?” at Tel Aviv University in Tel Aviv, Israel, in a conference on the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement sponsored by the Israel Academia Monitor on May 14 at 6:00 p.m.
Deciphering the ‘New’ Antisemitism: An International Scholar's Conference April 6-8, 2014
Dr. Alvin Rosenfeld, a member of LDB’s Board of Academic Advisors, will convene this important international scholars’ conference from April 6-8, 2014, on behalf of the Institute for the Study of Contemporary Antisemitism at Indiana University Bloomington. LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will present new research on “The Ideology of the New Anti-Semitism” at the conference on April 6, 2014.
Kenneth L. Marcus at UPenn Law School April 2, 2014
On April 2, 2014 at noon, LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will address the University of Pennsylvania Law School LDB chapter on "Civil Rights Advocacy: Combating Discrimination in Higher Education.”
Launch of Northeastern Law School Chapter March 19, 2014
The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law is happy to announce the launch of its Northeastern law student chapter, located in Boston. The law school chapter initiative is the newest phase in the Brandeis Center’s campaign against campus anti- Semitism.
Politicizing Education: Title VI of the Higher Education Act March 19th, 2014
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will speak at the Endowment for Middle East Truth’s March 19 Capitol Hill seminar on bias and politicization in federally funded Middle East Studies programs.
Russell Senate Office Building,
Wednesday, March 19th
Lunch to be Served
(Dietary Laws Observed)
The New Anti-Semitism March 18, 2014
St. Louis University
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will discuss “The New Anti-Semitism” during a lunchtime event at St. Louis University School of Law
Professor Amos Guiora to Speak at UCLA February 11th, 2014
The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law is happy to announce that Professor Amos Guiora, Professor of Law and Co-Direct at the Center for Global Justice at the University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law, will speak at UCLA Law School about the Middle East Peace Process. The law school chapter initiative is the newest phase in the Brandeis Center’s campaign against campus anti- Semitism.
Launch of UPenn Law School Chapter February 5, 2014
The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law is happy to announce the launch of its first Ivy League law student chapter at University of Pennsylvania Law School, located in Philadelphia. The law school chapter initiative is the newest phase in the Brandeis Center’s campaign against campus anti- Semitism.
American University Law Student Chapter Event February 5, 2014
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will address LDB’s law student chapter at the American University Washington College of Law on campus anti-Semitism. The event will take place from 12:00 to 1:00 pm on February 5, 2014.
The Impact of the BDS Movement on U.S. Campuses December 16, 2013
Monday, 1:15 PM - 2:15 PM, Sheraton Boston
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will participate in a discussion of the movement to boycott, divest from, or sanction Israel at the Association for Jewish Studies 2013 annual meeting.
Campus Anti-Semitism: Law, Policy, and Advocacy December 11, 2013
Kenneth L. Marcus will address actual and potential legal responses to the recent resurgence of anti-Semitism in American higher education with particular emphasis on Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution; regulations and guidance from the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR); and recent cases decided by OCR. Additionally, the presentation will explore the tensions between civil rights and civil liberties that arise in these cases; the gaps and limitations in existing legislation; and techniques for effective legal advocacy in this field.
12:15 PM - 2:00 PM
Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP
767 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10153
(between 58th and 59th Streets)
Space is very limited
Kosher lunch will be served
Photo ID required
Please include your full name and employer/title.
Your RSVP must be confirmed to attend.
Law, Anti-Semitism and Higher Education December 3, 2013
Kenneth Marcus lecture at Harvard Law School on "Law, Anti-Semitism and Higher Education" for the Institute for the Study of Global Antisemitism and Policy (ISGAP).
Israel, BDS, Academic Freedom and the Law. at Fordham Law School November 20, 2013
The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law is pleased to present a Fordham Law School mini-conference on "Israel, BDS, Academic Freedom and the Law." Hosted by the Fordham Law School Jewish Students Association, the conference is co-sponsored by LDB, the American Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists, and The Lawfare Project.
The event is from 4:30 - 6:00 pm
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will deliver introductory remarks, followed by a panel of experts:
Richard Cravatts, President, Scholars for Peace in the Middle East
Brooke Goldstein, President, The Lawfare Project, and
Stephen Greenwald, Immediate Past President, American Association of Jewish Lawyers & Jurists
The event will take place in room 207 at Fordham University School of Law located at 140 W 62nd St, New York, NY 10023.
A General Overview on Disparate Impact Theory November 19, 2013
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will testify before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services on "A General Overview on Disparate Impact Theory," Tuesday, November 19, 2013, at 10:00 AM in 2128 Rayburn House Office Building.
2013 National Lawyers Convention November 15, 2013
Kenneth L. Marcus will participate in a panel on "The Use of Disparate Impact" at noon on Friday, November 15, as part of the Federalist Society's 2013 annual National Lawyer's Convention at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, D.C.
Launch of First East Coast Law School Chapter November 5th, 2013
The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law is happy to announce the launch of its first East Coast law student chapter at American University’s Washington College of Law, located in Washington DC. The law school chapter initiative is the newest phase in the Brandeis Center’s campaign against campus anti- Semitism.
Law, Anti-Semitism, and Higher Education October 16, 2013
Join the AAJLJ's New York Area Chapter for a special luncheon featuring Kenneth L. Marcus speaking on Law, Anti-Semitism, and Higher Education
Mr. Marcus will address the resurgence of anti-Semitism on American college campuses; the relationship between anti-Semitism and anti-Israel propaganda and advocacy; and the role of lawyers in responding to resurgent campus anti-Semitism.
In particular, he will discuss the impact of recent cases and the road forward for those who support the rights of Jewish students in higher education.
WHERE: Offices of Gibson Dunn, 200 Park Avenue, NY
WHEN: Wednesday, October 16, 2013, 12:00 - 1:30 pm
A kosher lunch will be served.
Seating is limited.
International Consortium for Research on Antisemitism and Racism’s June 2013 international conference on “Boycotts - Past and Present" June 20, 2013
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will appear at the International Consortium for Research on Antisemitism and Racism’s June 2013 international conference on “Boycotts - Past and Present,” hosted by the Pears Institute for the study of Antisemitism at Birkbeck College, University of London.
The Conundrum of Race: Civil Rights, Law & Jewish Identity January 29, 2013
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will deliver an invited lecture at Kalamazoo College on the complex, challenging and intellectually provocative questions that arise at the intersection of civil rights and Jewish identity.
Kosher Lunch Available for Purchase in Advance for $10
One hour of MCLE credit is available.
THE DECALOGUE SOCIETY & SIMON WIESENTHAL CENTER present
CAMPUS ANTI-SEMITISM AND LEGAL EFFORTS TO COMBAT IT
KENNETH L. MARCUS President and General Counsel
The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law
Kenneth L. Marcus is the author of Jewish Identity and Civil Rights in America (Cambridge University Press 2010). He is known for pioneering the use of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to protect Jewish college students.
INTRODUCTION BY RABBI ARON HIER, DIRECTOR, CAMPUS OUTREACH, SIMON WIESENTHAL CENTER.
Monday, January 28
225 WEST WASHINGTON STREET, CHICAGO, IL 60606
The Simon Wiesenthal Center is a global Jewish human rights organization that confronts anti- Semitism, hate and terrorism, promotes human rights and dignity, stands with Israel, defends the safety of Jews worldwide, and teaches the lessons of the Holocaust. With over 400,000 households in the U.S., it is accredited as an NGO at the U.N. and many other governmental organizations.
Campus Anti-Semitism and Civil Rights Law December 13, 2012
MCLE Lecture by Kenneth L. Marcus of the Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law
December 13, 2012
Noon — 1:30 PM
Location: Office of Garvey, Schubert Barer Law Firm
1191 Second Avenue
6th Floor Conference Room
Seattle, WA 98101
Cost: $25 per person covers kosher box lunch, beverages, and printed materials
Sponsored by StandWithUs Northwest
Cosponsored by the Cardozo Society of the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle
and the Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law
1331 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Suite 1150,
Washington, DC 20425
99th Anniversary Convention of Alpha Epsilon Pi August 10, 2012
On Thursday, August 10, LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus will address the 99th Anniversary Convention of Alpha Epsilon Pi at the Arizona Biltmore in Phoenix Arizona. Marcus will speak on civic leadership to this national assembly of Jewish fraternity leaders.
Anti-Israelism in American Higher Education June 28, 2012
Anti-Israelism in Higher Education June 25-27, 2012
Location : University of Haifa, Senate Hall, 29th Hall Time : 11:00 a.m.-12:30 p.m.
LDB President Kenneth L. Marcus and LDB Advisors Richard Cravatts (Simmons) and Tammi Rossman-Benjamin(UC Santa Cruz) will participate in a roundtable discussion on Anti-Israelism in Higher Education at the University of Haifa during the 28th Annual Meeting of the Association for Israel Studies.