Gregory H. Stanton
Research Professor in Genocide Studies and Prevention at George Mason University.
Gregory H Stanton is Research Professor in Genocide Studies and Prevention at George Mason University. He is also President of Genocide Watch and Chair of the International Alliance to End Genocide.
Professor Stanton has received degrees from Oberlin College, Harvard Divinity School, Yale Law School and a masters and doctorate in cultural anthropology from the University of Chicago. He was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (2001-2002).
He served as a legal advisor to RUKH, the Ukrainian Independence Movement, work for which he was named the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America’s 1992 Man of the Year. He was also the chair of the American Bar Association Young Lawyer’s Division Committee on Human Rights and a member of the ABA’s Standing Committee on World Order Under Law.
Stanton served as a Foreign Service Officer in the State Department from 1992 to 1999, where he drafted the UN Security Council Resolutions (955 and 978) that created the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and UNSC Resolutions 1012 and 1013 that created the Burundi Commission of Inquiry and the Central Africa Arms Flow Commission. He also drafted the UN Peacekeeping Resolutions that helped end the Mozambique civil war. He was a member of the War Crimes
Working Group and wrote the Options Paper on how to bring the Khmer Rouge leaders to justice for their crimes in Cambodia.
In 1995, Stanton received the prestigious W. Averell Harriman Award given by the American Foreign Service Association to one Foreign Service Officer each year for “extraordinary contributions to the practice of diplomacy exemplifying intellectual courage,” based on his dissent from U.S. policy on the Rwandan genocide.
After the U.S. voted against the International Criminal Court in in Rome in July, 1998, Stanton decided to create Genocide Watch, the International Campaign to End Genocide, the first international anti-genocide coalition, which was launched in 1999 at the Hague Appeal for Peace. After resigning from the State Department, Stanton served as co-chair of the Washington Working Group for the International Criminal Court, which successfully lobbied for President Clinton to sign the Rome Treaty of the International Criminal Court. (It was unsigned by President George W. Bush during his first month in office in 1999.)
Since leaving the State Department in 1999 to found Genocide Watch, Stanton has been deeply involved in the U.N.-Cambodian government negotiations that have brought about creation of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, for which he has drafted internal rules of procedure and evidence.
Actively involved in human rights since the 1960s, when he was a voting rights worker in Mississippi, he served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in the Ivory Coast and as the Church World Service/CARE Field Director in Cambodia in 1980. He has been a law professor at Washington and Lee and American Universities and the University of Swaziland, and has served as the James Farmer Professor in Human Rights at the University of Mary Washington.
Stanton served as the President of the International Association of Genocide Scholars from 2007 to 2009 and Vice President from 2005 to 2007.